On the territory of the Russian Federation, the railway network is quite developed, therefore container transportation by rail has established itself as a popular, economical and reliable form of transportation. With their help, it is possible to carry out delivery to almost any distance.
Most of the goods are transported in universal rail containers (according to certain rules).
Among other things, some types of baggage cannot be transported by other means of transport.
Advantages of container transportation by rail:
- large carrying capacity;
- resistance to weather conditions;
- high delivery speed;
- affordable price for both short and long trips compared to air transport and even transportation by car.
- safety and reliability of the structure, its fasteners and materials;
- the possibility of transporting completely different cargoes - from animals and foodstuffs to pyrotechnics and explosive substances (as agreed with Russian Railways and in special containers under special conditions);
- availability of a groupage delivery option.
A container train makes at least one of those on the road. stop to check the mechanisms and the entire train. There are no stops at the stations.
What is the difference between a sea container and a railway one?
At the moment, for transportation by water and by rail, you can use the same type of containers, but earlier, only structures of 3 and 5 tons were allowed by rail. A special polymer paint is applied to sea containers against corrosion. Containers with such a coating serve for about 15-25 years. Railway containers are not so tight, they are mostly painted with simple paint, they serve for 10-15 years.
What is a rail container?
This is a specialized multi-turn metal structure of increased strength, in which a wide range of goods can be transported by rail.
Its base is made of a steel frame, which is sheathed with corrugated metal. Equipped with devices for installation on a railway platform, removal and reloading to other vehicles. The design of the device protects the products from external influences and ensures safe transportation.
Fitting platforms for large-capacity containers, a variety of open wagons and wagons are used for any containers and almost all types of cargo:
liquid, solid, gaseous,
loose, fragile, alive, flammable.
It is popular at the moment to rent such a container, because temporary use is much more profitable than buying, in addition to everything, there is no need to maintain, repair and store such oversized devices. If you want to rent a railway container, then you should familiarize yourself with their types and dimensions.
Types of railway containers
They have differences in design and purpose (universal and specialized).
A huge variety of different cargoes can be placed in universal containers. They have a standard construction with rigid walls and floors, with a door on the side or at the end. Types of cargo containers that require special conditions:
- with folding and folding walls;
- open top, for high loads;
- double-door structures for double-sided loading;
- ventilated containers;
- refrigerated, to maintain low temperatures;
- tanks for liquids and gaseous substances;
- isothermal containers.
Special containers are needed for substances that may lose their quality during transportation or harm the environment. These are dangerous goods and goods with a short shelf life:
- Fresh milk, meat, eggs, etc.
- Frozen products;
- Chem. products (petrochemical);
- Unmade hides;
- Explosives, ammunition and weapons.
The transportation of drugs is prohibited by law.
And hazardous substances can be transported in agreement with Russian Railways with special conditions.
These are cargoes of the highest hazard class - ninth: Flammable;
containers directly depend on the supported weight.
length - 1950 mm;
width - 1230 mm;
height - 2130 mm;
The dimensions of the doors should also be taken into account so that there are no incidents during the loading itself.
Dimensions of the door frame for a 3-ton container:
width - 2090 mm;
height - 1225;
Dimensions of a 5-ton container:
height - 2130 mm;
width and length more than 3 tons by 50-80 cm;
the doorway has the same height - 2130 mm,
doorway width - 1950mm;
The size of a 20 ton railway container is 2-2.5 times higher than 2 ton and 3 ton:
length - 5870 mm;
width - 2330 mm;
height - 2200;
door opening width - 2290mm;
The dimensions of a railway container depend entirely on the weight that the container is transporting. Before planning transportation, it is important to carefully calculate the dimensions of the goods so that unpleasant incidents do not happen.
When transporting medium-sized cargo, it is more advisable to choose compact 3-ton containers. Often they are equipped for use as a warehouse, storage of tools, etc. Due to their spaciousness and ease of use, 5-ton containers are popular on railway traffic.